Today, Cajons have taken over the world of music and are being used in almost all the types of music. Percussionists all over the world are fond of this instrument because of its easy use and the type of beats it produces.
However, these days the world of cajons is quite different and confusing when it comes to selecting them for the band.
There are many different types of cajons available out there in the market and many are developed on a regular basis. The instrument builders have built many different types of cajons till date with different combinations of materials, shapes, and sizes. And, it depends on the manufacturing process of a Cajon.
Here is a list of some of the Cajon types.
5 Types of Cajon Drums
The Cuban Cajon is usually made up of four sides that are and made up of wood. These sides flare outwards towards the thin square top surface. The bottom of the Cajon behaves like a sound hole and is open. Compared to the Peruvian Cajon, the sound produced by this Cajon is greatly resonant.
The edges provide higher and separate notes compared to the center, while the middle area provides bassy and deep notes with a properly defined pitch. The Cuban Cajon comes in a variety of sizes to give different types of sounds. According to the sizes of the cajons, they are given different names, such as Quinto, conga, and Tumba, with Quinto being the smallest and Tumba being the largest.
The Peruvian Cajon is the earlier and primitive version of the Cajon drums. In the first versions, the Peruvian Cajon was not strong and didn’t produce refined sound. But as time passed, various changes were made in the design and development of this Cajon and they are now amongst the most used cajons of all times.
Typically, it is made up of hardwood to which a sound hole, circular in shape, is glued together in the center of a back panel. The front side of the Cajon is made up of thin laminated wood. The middle of the instrument produces resonant and deep sounds while the corners at the top give sharp and short sounds.
After the modifications were made to Cuban and Peruvian cajons, various other types of cajons were developed, Flamenco being one of them. Flamenco Cajon also called a snare Cajon, has become one of the most popular and widely used cajons in the world today.
Typically, these cajons are made up of plywood and have a very good ratio of strength to weight. The flamenco cajons have had quite modifications since the past few years like the adjustable and controlled snare response, diffusers for interior sound, round corners, etc.
Due to many similarities in the sounds like bass and snare of the drum kit, these cajons have gained popularity amongst the audience globally.
These cajons are one of the modern innovations in recent times and are made up in either of the two most common and simple ways. One of the ways is by combining together two Cuban cajons, smaller in size, usually of octagonal, square or circular shells of wood, the other method of construction includes a trapezium or rectangular shaped play surface, made up of wood, which consists of four sides. The box is differentiated into two different sized areas by a small panel and each area has its own unique pitch of the sound.
The Bata Cajon is a drum that is double-headed that is played across its sides on the player’s lap. Originally, the drum was made up of animal skin, which gradually got replaced by Bata, making the instrument cheaper and more effective.
The wooden heads are made up of octagonal or square shaped Bata and come in various sizes to produce different types of pitches. This Cajon produces a dry sound with brighter, crisper and shorter resonance.
These were a few of the commonly used cajons that you can look forward to according to your needs. Every type of Cajon has its own unique characteristics and properties that you can keep in mind before investing in one. These cajons are widely used by the percussionists all across the world and are preferred over the usual drum kits.